People: Shae, Elizabeth

Surname

Shae

Forename

Elizabeth

Sex

Female

Parish

Alderley

Marital Status

Unknown

Remarks

Was found to have committed adultery with Thomas Stapultun, the father of her child.

Causes

EDC 5/9/2 – committed adultery with the defendant

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People: Stapultun, Thomas

Surname

Stapultun

Forename

Thomas

Sex

Male

Parish

Alderley

Marital Status

Married

Spouse Name

Elizabeth Stapultun

Remarks

Was found to have committed adultery with Elizabeth Shae, by whom he had a child.

Causes

EDC 5/9/2 – defendant

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People: Stapultun, Elizabeth

Surname

Stapultun

Forename

Elizabeth

Sex

Female

Parish

Alderley

Marital Status

Married

Spouse Name

Thomas Stapultun

Causes

EDC 5/9/2 – plaintiff

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People: Brereton, Jane

Surname

Brereton

Forename

Jane

Sex

Female

Parish

Coddington

Marital Status

Unknown

Remarks

There were a number of families with the surname ‘Brereton’ in Cheshire at this time, but there is no evidence to link Jane Brereton with any specific family.

Causes

EDC 5/5/1 – defendant

 

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People: Fellowe, John (rector of Coddington)

Surname

Fellowe (Felo/Fellow)

Forename

John

Sex

Male

Parish

Coddington

Marital Status

Unknown

Occupation Status

Clerk; rector of Coddington

Remarks

CCEd person ID 33346

Career: he was instituted to the parish of Coddington in March 1526, presented by St Werburgh’s Monastery in Chester. At the time of his appointment, he was described as ‘capellanus’ or chaplain, probably meaning that he was previously an unbeneficed priest. He remained rector of Coddington until his death some time before January 1559.

Further notes: Coddington was one of the poorest parishes in Cheshire, being valued in the Valor Ecclesiasticus of 1535 at £5 4s 1d.

Sources:

Valor Ecclesiasticus temp. Henrici VIII, ed. J. Caley and J Hunter, vol.5, p. 212 (London, 1825).

George Ormerod, The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, (second edition, revised and enlarged by T. Helsby, 3 vols, London, 1882), vol ii, p. 736.

Causes

EDC 5/5/1 – plaintiff

 

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Places: Dwellings (Lancashire)

Place Type

Dwelling

County

Lancashire

LANCASHIRE DWELLINGS BY PARISH

PARISH OF BURY

EDC 5/8/1 – Richard Smyth, rector of Bury, contra Arthur Cay

Cobholes

Places: Field names (Cheshire)

Place Type

Field name

County

Cheshire

CHESHIRE FIELD NAMES BY PARISH

PARISH OF CODDINGTON

EDC 5/5/1 – John Fellowe, rector of Coddington, contra Jane Brereton

The masons fyld

The tithe map for the parish of Coddington, drawn up in about 1839, records Little Masons field, Big Masons field and Lower Masons field https://maps.cheshireeast.gov.uk/tithemaps/

 

Officials: Bird, John

JOHN BIRD

First bishop of Chester, deprived by Queen Mary. Little concerned with the work of the Consistory Court.

JOHN BIRD (BYRD/BYRDE), bishop of Chester, (c. 1477-1558)

Qualifications:    Master of Arts, 1506; Bachelor of Divinity, 1512; Doctor of Divinity, 1514

CCEd person ID 31015

Career: Carmelite friar until the dissolution, attended Oxford University as a Carmelite; elected Provincial (in charge of pastoral supervision and oversight) of the British Province of the order in 1516 until 1519 and again from 1522 until 1534 and then 1535 until the dissolution; supporter of the divorce of Henry VIII he wrote a treatise on the matter and preached before the king at Easter 1537; in 1537 he was appointed suffragan bishop of ‘Penreth’ and acted as suffragan for the bishops of Llandaff and Lichfield; bishop of Bangor in 1539; translated to Chester in 1541 on the foundation of the diocese; deprived 1554; vicar of Great Dunmow, Essex, 1554 until his death.

Further notes: He is said to have come from an old Chester family, but this is debateable.

The diocese of Chester was one of the poorest in the country and Bird attempted to enhance his income by various ill-judged property exchanges which left the diocese worse off. He was appointed rector of Mottram in Longdendale in Cheshire by 1548 and Wistaston in Cheshire in 1552, no doubt to increase his income.

In an effort to conserve money he did not appoint an archdeacon of Chester but devolved some of his authority to the rural deans and appointed a chancellor at Chester and a commissary for Richmond.

He had married during his period as bishop, and so was deprived of Chester diocese in March 1554 following the accession of Queen Mary, whose restoration of Catholicism precluded married priests. He renounced his wife, claiming that he had married against his will, and was appointed vicar of Great Dunmow in Essex in 1554 where he died in 1558. While at Great Dunmow he acted as suffragan to Edmund Bonner, bishop of London.

When he was a Carmelite, he was described as ‘pulcherrimus, eruditus, probus, dignissimus’ (very handsome, learned, upright, very worthy). Although by the time he was appointed to Great Dunmow he was ‘well stricken in years’ and had only one eye, rumours in the parish suggested an illicit relationship between him and the young wife of a servant.

Sources

Richard Copsey, ‘Bird, John (d. 1558)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online edition) https://doi.org/10.1093/ref:odnb/2447

Rev. F. Sanders, ‘John Bird, D.D., Bishop of Chester, 1541-1554’, Journal of the Architectural, Archaeological and Historic Society for the county and city of Chester and North Wales, new series, 13 (1907), pp. 110-126.

John Strype, Ecclesiastical Memorials, vol. III, part I, (London, 1822), pp. 218-219.

George Watson, ‘A misappropriated bishop’, Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, 15 (1897–9), pp. 303–308

People: Cay, Arthur

Surname

Cay (Caye/Kay/Kaye)

Forename

Arthur

Sex

Male

Parish

Bury

Marital Status

Unknown

Remarks

He had built a dwelling house called Cobholes on land called Cray or Cragh in the parish of Bury.

Causes

EDC 5/8/1 – defendant

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People: Smyth, Richard (rector of Bury)

Surname

Smyth (Smythe/Smith)

Forename

Richard

Sex

Male

Parish

Bury

Marital Status

Unknown

Occupation Status

Clerk; rector of Bury

Remarks

Qualifications: Bachelor of Laws

CCEd person ID 37371

Career: rector of Holy Trinity, Chester 1505 -1507; rector of Bury 1507- 1554/5; probably rector of Wigan 1551 -1554; probably vicar of Sandbach 1548-1554.

He resigned the living of Holy Trinity, valued at £8 15s 6d, and on the same day in October 1507 was admitted to Bury, valued at £29 11s 4d (these valuations are from the Valor Ecclesiasticus of 1535).

Although he is referred to as ‘in jure baccallarius’ I have not been able to find conclusive proof of the University he attended.

He was presented to Holy Trinity and to Bury by Thomas Stanley, earl of Derby.

Further notes: He was unpopular with his parishioners at Bury and in 1526 he appointed a parish clerk who was unacceptable to certain parishioners who attacked him and the clerk during a service in the church. He claimed that this violence had caused the church to be put under an interdict. Smyth claimed that such violence had been inflicted upon him that he was afraid to go out or to enter the church.

He built a chapel attached to Bury church which he may have intended as a chantry for himself.

Sources:

George T. O. Bridgeman, The History of the Church and Manor of Wigan in the County of Lancaster, part I (Chetham Society, new series, 15, 1888), pp. 121-8.

Tim Cooper, The Last Generation of English Catholic Clergy: Parish Priests in the Diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in the Early Sixteenth Century (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999) p. 61.

J. P. Earwaker, The History of the Ancient Parish of Sandbach (No place of publication: published privately, 1890), p. 46.

Henry Fishwick (ed.), Pleadings and Depositions in the Duchy Court of Lancaster time of Henry VIII, (The Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 32, 1896), pp. 151-152.

Christopher Haigh, Reformation and Resistance in Tudor Lancashire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975), pp. 3-4, 57.

Douglas Jones, The Church in Chester 1300-1540 (Chetham Society 3rd series, 7, 1957), p. 172.

‘The parish of Bury’, in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5, ed. William Farrer and J Brownbill (London, 1911), pp. 122-128. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol5/pp122-128 [accessed 4 February 2023]

 

Causes

EDC 5/8/1 – plaintiff

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