People: Forster, Hugh

Surname

Forster (Forstar/ Forstart)

Forename

Hugh

Sex

Male

Parish

Eccles

Marital Status

Unknown

Causes

EDC 5/2/1 – defendant

 

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People: Lee, Thomas

Surname

Lee (Le)

Forename

Thomas

Sex

Male

Parish

Eccles

Marital Status

Unknown

Causes

EDC 5/2/1 – defendant

 

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People: Bradshaw, Peter

Surname

Bradshaw (Bradshae)

Forename

Peter

Sex

Male

Parish

Eccles

Marital Status

Unknown

Causes

EDC 5/2/1 – defendant

 

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People: Penne, John

Surname

Penne (Penn/Pen)

Forename

John

Sex

Male

Marital Status

Married

Spouse Name

Lucy

Occupation Status

Barber to Henry VIII

Remarks

John Penne (Penn/Pen) was a Groom of the Privy Chamber.  In 1527 he was admitted to The Worshipful Company of Barbers in London and was Master of the Company in 1539. He was appointed barber to Henry VIII and at one time was one of only fifteen people permitted to enter the King’s Privy Chamber.

He appears in Holbein’s oil painting of Henry VIII and the Barber Surgeons, and in an engraved copy of the painting from 1736 he appears in the group of men kneeling, sixth from the King’s left.

As a courtier he received a number of grants and leases of land in several counties, including the manor of Codicote in Hertfordshire which was granted to him in 1545 following the dissolution of the Abbey of St Albans.

On 16 February 1538 he had been granted a lease of the rectory of Eccles in Lancashire, following the dissolution of Whalley Abbey but the lease was forfeit because the rent remained unpaid. He was one of several courtiers who profited from the dissolution of the monasteries.

In the early years of the reign of Henry VIII, he married Lucy, daughter and heiress of Edmond Cheval who held the manor of Sisserfens in Codicote.

He died on 21 August 1558.

The image of Henry VIII and the Barber-Surgeons is reproduced from Young, The Annals of the Barber-Surgeons of London, courtesy of the Hathi Trust

Sources:

Sidney Young, The Annals of the Barber-Surgeons of London, Compiled from their Records and other Sources, (London, 1890).

TNA: PROB 11/42B/160

‘Parishes: Codicote’, in A History of the County of Hertford: Volume 2, ed. William Page (London, 1908), pp. 345-348. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/herts/vol2/pp345-348 [accessed 28 November 2022].

‘Henry VIII: April 1545, 26-30’, in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1, January-July 1545, ed. James Gairdner and R H Brodie (London, 1905), pp. 278-329. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol20/no1/pp278-329 [accessed 28 November 2022].

 

 

 

Causes

EDC 5/2/1 – mentioned in the libel as holder of the head lease of the disputed tithes

 

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People: Brereton, Sir Richard

Surname

Brereton (Brerton)

Forename

Richard

Sex

Male

Marital Status

Married

Spouse Name

Jane or Joan

Occupation Status

Knight

Remarks

Sir Richard Brereton was the second son of Sir Randle Brereton of Malpas and older brother of the courtier, William Brereton, and the pluralist cleric and royal chaplain, John Brereton.

He married Jane or Joan, daughter and heiress of William Stanley of Tatton. She was also great-niece of Thomas Stanley, 1st earl of Derby. Sir Richard was her second husband. Jane Stanley inherited the Manor of Worsley in the parish of Eccles in Lancashire. She was born about 1493, as she was 18 on the death of her mother in 1511.

In 1542 Lady Brereton sued her husband in the Chester Consistory Court for divorce (which would have meant separation from bed and board). Some depositions in this matter have survived (CCALS EDC 2/2 ff. 448-449, 545v). The deponents all cited a number of extra-marital relationships on the part of Richard Brereton which had resulted in several illegitimate children, some of whom he acknowledged and some he did not. It was said to be widely known that one of his mistresses had suffered from ‘the french pokkes’, a common name for syphilis. Two deponents specifically mentioned this illness so there may have been reference to it in the libel.

He had three legitimate children, the eldest, Richard, was accused by his father of taking a chalice from the chapel in his manor of Worsley, among other criminal deeds. Richard predeceased his father.

Sir Richard Brereton died in 1557 in Islington, then in Middlesex.

His will, made in 1553, acknowledged four illegitimate sons and two daughters, leaving legacies to each of them. His will was disputed by his widow and his surviving legitimate son, Geoffrey, but was held to be valid.

Sources:

George Ormerod, The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, vol. 2 (second edition, revised and enlarged by T. Helsby, London, 1882).

TNA: PROB 11/40/343

‘Townships: Worsley’, in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4, ed. William Farrer and J Brownbill (London, 1911), pp. 376-392. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol4/pp376-392 [accessed 28 November 2022].

Causes

EDC 5/2/1 – plaintiff
EDC 5/3/1 – plaintiff
EDC 5/3/2 – plaintiff – exceptions against one witness included the fact that he was looking after one of Sir Richard Brereton’s illegitimate children

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People: Holford, Francis

Surname

Holford

Forename

Francis

Sex

Male

Approx Year of Birth

1518

Parish

Great Budworth

Marital Status

Unknown

Remarks


Career:
Francis Holford was the son of John Holford one of the sons of Robert Holford and his wife, Margery.  John was probably the oldest of Robert and Margery’s children.

The family seem to have been at loggerheads about their landholdings and Margery’s will and during her lifetime she expressed concern that ‘hyr sonnes shuld the one kyll the other abowt yt’.

Sources 

The Visitation of Cheshire in the year 1580, ed. J. Paul Rylands (The Harleian Society, 18, 1882).

Depositions in the cause concerning the will of Margery Holford dec’d:
CALS EDC 2/2, pp. 394-398, 412-413.

 

Causes

EDC 5/1/11 – plaintiff

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People: Holford, Phillip

Surname

Holford

Forename

Phillip

Sex

Male

Parish

Great Budworth

Marital Status

Unknown

Remarks


Phillip Holford was the son of Robert Holford and his wife, Margery.  He was probably the second of their sons, John being his older brother.

The family were in dispute about their landholdings and Margery’s will and during her lifetime she expressed concern that ‘hyr sonnes shuld the one kyll the other abowt yt’.

Following Margery’s death by September 1541 a cause relating to the validity of her will was brought in the Chester Consistory Court against Phillip, Urian and Katherine Holford. One of the deponents in this cause was Sir Thomas Egerton, probably chaplain at the chapel of Lower Peover, and godfather to one of Phillip’s children. He was said to be at loggerheads with Brian Holford, one of Phillip’s brothers.

Sources 

The Visitation of Cheshire in the year 1580, ed. J. Paul Rylands (The Harleian Society, 18, 1882), p. 125.

Depositions in the cause concerning the will of Margery Holford dec’d:
CALS EDC 2/2, pp. 394-398, 412-413.

 

Causes

EDC 5/1/11 – defendant

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People: Holford, Margery

Surname

Holford

Forename

Margery

Sex

Female

Parish

Great Budworth

Marital Status

Widow

Spouse Name

Robert

Remarks


Margery Holford was the widow of Robert Holford, third son of Thomas Holford of Holford Hall. Margery and Robert had a number of children, including 6 sons, John, Phillip, Bartholomew, Owen, Matthew and Brian and at least 2 daughters named Martha and Katherine. Katherine was born about 1511.

Robert had died by 1538 as Margery, as his widow, was involved sometime between 1533 and 1538 in a lawsuit concerning land in Bosden (TNA C 1/827/17-19).

Margery herself had died by September 1541 as depositions in a cause relating to her will indicate.

Sources 

The Visitation of Cheshire in the year 1580, ed. J. Paul Rylands (The Harleian Society, 18, 1882), p. 125.

Depositions in the cause concerning the will of Margery Holford dec’d:
CALS EDC 2/2, pp. 394-398, 412-413.

 

Causes

EDC 5/1/10 – defendant
EDC 5/1/11 – mentioned in the libel; grandmother of plaintiff

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People: Cotton, Sir George

Surname

Cotton

Forename

George

Sex

Male

Marital Status

Married

Spouse Name

Mary

Occupation Status

Gentleman

Remarks

Career: George Cotton was born about 1495, the second son of John Cotton of Cotton in Shropshire. He became an esquire of the body to Henry VIII and obtained a number of official appointments, being knighted in 1542. By the time of his death, he had been appointed vice-chamberlain to the future Edward VI.

In August 1539 he and his wife, Mary (Onley), were granted the monastery and lands of Combermere Abbey, near Nantwich in Cheshire. The Cotton family built a house there which is thought to incorporate part of the old monastic buildings. The Tudor house survived until the early nineteenth century when it was extensively remodelled in the Gothic style by cladding the existing walls.

Sir George and Lady Mary Cotton were granted the manors of Wilkesley and Poulton in Cheshire by Henry VIII and, as indicated in EDC 5/1/10, other grants from the King included the farm of the parish of Great Budworth.

George Cotton died in 1545 and his will is held by The National Archives.

The images are of Combermere Abbey, the black and white image of the house in the Tudor period is from Ormerod’s Cheshire, courtesy of HathiTrust.

Sources: 

Pedigrees made at the Visitation of Cheshire, 1613, eds. Sir George J. Armytage and J. Paul Rylands (The Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 58, 1909).

George Ormerod, The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, vol. 3 (second edition, revised and enlarged by T. Helsby, London, 1882).

Will held by The National Archives, PROB 11/30/417: Will of Sir George Cotton, Vice Chamberlain to the Prince

Victoria County History online:
https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/ches/vol3/pp150-156

Causes

EDC 5/1/10 – plaintiff

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People: Brereton, John

Surname

Brereton (Brearton)

Forename

John

Sex

Male

Parish

Tilston

Marital Status

Unknown

Occupation Status

Gentleman

Remarks

There were a number of Cheshire families with the surname ‘Brereton’ at this time, including one influential family who lived in Malpas, not far from Tilston. This family included the courtiers, Sir Randle Brereton and his sons, Urian and William. William had been executed by Henry VIII, accused of adultery with Anne Boleyn.

It is possible that John Brereton was a family connection of theirs.

 

Causes

EDC 5/1582/11 – defendant

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