Types of Cause: Violation of church rights – failure to pay mortuary

Types of Cause: Violation of church rights – failure to pay church rates

Types of Cause: Tithes – wool

Tithes of wool were mixed or small/minute tithes as they arose from livestock and so were normally payable to the vicar or his farmer (see ‘Tithes – modus’ under ‘Subjects’).

Lambs and wool

EDC 5/1/8 – Ralph Done, vicar of Over, contra Robert Young, Edward Harrison and Benedict Barker

Foals, lambs and wool

EDC 5/1/10 – George Cotton, esquire, contra Margery Holford

Calves, cows, gardens, lambs, sheep, wool

EDC 5/1566/12 – Hugh Dodd, rector of Coddington, contra Richard Allen

Types of Cause: Tithes – wheat

Tithes of wheat were great or predial tithes as they arose from crop husbandry and so were generally payable to the rector or his farmer (see ‘Tithes – modus’ under ‘Subjects’).

Corn and wheat were sometimes described generally as ‘grain’.

This type of produce was usually measured in ‘thraves’ at this time in Cheshire and parts of Lancashire. A ‘thrave’ comprised twenty-four sheaves.

Robert Holland, A Glossary of Words Used in the County of Chester, (1885).

Wheat

EDC 5/3/2 – Sir Richard Brereton contra Thomas Valentine – exceptions against the witnesses for the plaintiff

Corn and wheat

EDC 5/1575/3 – John Vawdrey and Richard Vawdrey contra Ralph Calveley.

Types of Cause: Tithes – unknown

If the only surviving cause paper for a tithe cause is the sentence, this does not usually state what produce has been the subject of the dispute.

EDC 5/1566/14 – William Charlton, rector of Bangor, contra Richard Bate

Types of Cause: Tithes – rye

Tithes of rye were great or predial tithes as they arose from crop husbandry and so were payable to the rector or his farmer (see ‘Tithes – modus’ under ‘Subjects’).

Rye and barley

EDC 5/3/1 – Sir Richard Brereton contra Thomas Valentine

Types of Cause: Tithes – profits of mill

The tithing of profits from mills was a matter of legal dispute for some time. The dispute arose from whether such tithes should be classified as predial or personal. If personal, the recipient was entitled to deduct expenses before paying tithe on the balance. If predial, profits should be tithed in full.

Andrew Lewis, ‘Tithe Personal and Praedial’, The Journal of Legal History, 42.2 (2021), pp. 123-146.

Types of Cause: Tithes – pigs

Tithes of pigs, being from animal husbandry, were small tithes and so were normally payable to the vicar or his farmer (see ‘Tithes – modus’ under ‘Subjects’).

Piglets

EDC 5/1580/6 – John Vawdrey and Richard Vawdrey, gentlemen, farmers of the tithes of Saint Oswald contra Richard Webb, William Janeon the elder and William Janeon the younger

Types of Cause: Tithes – peas

Types of Cause: Tithes – oats

Tithes of oats were great or predial tithes as they arose from crop husbandry and so were generally payable to the rector or his farmer (see ‘Tithes – modus’ under ‘Subjects’).

Barley, oats and hay

EDC 5/1566/3 – William Farington, esquire, farmer of the rectory of Blackburn contra Thomas Ireland, senior.
EDC 5/1566/6 – John Leigh, esquire, farmer of the hamlets of Sutton and Wincle contra William Sutton and Ralph Gardner.

Oats and hay

EDC 5/1566/4 – William Farington, esquire, farmer of the rectory of Blackburn contra Robert Ratcliffe.